Saturday, February 14, 2009

Ingredient Substitutions Update

There was a post indicating that one of more of you could not open our substitutions PDF. If you are having trouble viewing PDF files, make sure you have the latest version of Adobe Reader by going to We want to make this blog as user-friendly as possible. The original is a chart, which is a little easier to read, but I did a little cut and paste action, so that you could still get the information.

If you still cannot get to the PDF after you have downloaded Adobe Reader, then you can print this list off:

(Original ingredient in bold font and substitution underneath in regular font.)
Bacon, 1 slice
1 Tbs. cooked bacon pieces

Baking Powder, 1 teaspoon
1/2 tsp. cream of tartar + 1/4 tsp. baking soda

Balsamic vinegar, 1 Tbs.
1 Tbs. cider vinegar or red wine vinegar + 1/2 tsp. sugar

Bread crumbs, fine dry, 1/4 cup
3/4 cup soft bread crumbs, or 1/4 cup cracker crumbs, or 1/4 cup cornflake crumbs

Broth, beef or chicken, 1 cup
1 tsp. or 1 cube instant beef or chicken bouillon + 1 cup hot water

Butter, 1 cup
1 Tbs. shortening +1/4 tsp salt, if desired

Buttermilk, 1 cup
1 tbs. Lemon juice or vinegar + enough milk to make 1 cup (let stand 5 minutes before using)

Chocolate, semisweet, 1 ounce
3 Tbs. semisweet chocolate pieces, or 1 Tbs. unsweetened cocoa powder + 2 tsp. sugar and 2 tsp. shortening

Chocolate, sweet baking, 4 ounces
1/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder + 1/3 cup granulated sugar and 3 Tbs. shortening

Chocolate, unsweetened, 1 ounce
3 Tbs. Unsweetened cocoa powder + 1 Tbs. cooking oil, or shortening melted

Cornstarch, 1 Tbs. (for thickening)
2 Tbs. all-purpose flour

Corn syrup (light), 1 cup
1 cup granulated sugar + 1/4 cup water

Garlic, 1 clove
1/2 tsp. bottled minced garlic or 1/8 tsp. garlic powder

Ginger, grated fresh, 1 tsp.
1/4 tsp. ground ginger

Half-and-Half or light cream, 1 cup
1 Tbs. Melted butter +enough whole milk to make 1 cup

Molasses, 1 cup
1 cup honey

Mustard, dry, 1 tsp.
1 Tbs. prepared

Onion, chopped, 1/2 cup
2 Tbs. dried minced onion or 1/2 tsp. onion powder

Sour cream, dairy, 1 cup
1 cup plain yogurt

Sugar, granulated, 1 cup
1 cup packed brown sugar or 2 cups sifted powdered sugar

Tomato Juice, 1 cup
1/2 cup tomato sauce + 1/2 cup water

Tomato sauce, 2 cups
3/4 cup tomato paste + 1 cup water

Wine, red, 1 cup
1 cup beef or chicken broth in savory recipes; cranberry juice in desserts

Wine, white, 1 cup
1 cup chicken broth in savory recipes; apple juice or white grape juice in desserts

Yeast, active dry, 1 package
About 2-1/4 tsp. active dry yeast

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